The sheer walls of its bastion were protected on the north, west, and south by the Nike Parapet, named for its frieze of Nikai celebrating victory and sacrificing to their patroness, Athena Nike.
Nike means “victory” in Greek, and Athena was worshipped in this form, representative of being victorious in war.
What was the Temple of Athena Nike used for?
The Temple of Athena Nike is the smallest structure on the Athenian Acropolis, but holds no less importance than its neighboring shrines. Built to honor Athena Nike, the goddess of victory, the site upon which the temple was constructed has ceremonial roots that date back to the Bronze Age.
What was the Temple of Athena made of?
The temple of Athena Nike, built in Ionic order of beautiful white Pentelic marble (Pentelic marble is prized for its golden white color and was used in Athens and later in Rome), has columns at the front and back but not on the sides of the cella (a cella is an interior chamber of an ancient Greek temple); this kind
Is Athena and Athena Nike the same?
As an attribute of both Athena, the goddess of wisdom, and the chief god, Zeus, Nike was represented in art as a small figure carried in the hand by those divinities. Athena Nike was always wingless; Nike alone was winged. At Rome, where Nike was called Victoria, she was worshiped from the earliest times.
What did goddess Athena built to honor?
The Parthenon was built in honor of the goddess Athena Parthenos (virgin Athena), patroness of the city of Athens. Initially the temple was known as the Great Temple (Megas Naos), but later became known by the name of Parthenon.
Does Poseidon have a temple?
The temple of Poseidon was a peripteral building of the Doric order, made of marble from nearby Agrileza, with six columns at its ends and thirteen on each long side for a total of 34–of which thirteen survive today. Four of the north columns were reconstructed in the late 1950’s.
Who commissioned the Temple of Athena Nike?
The temple was designed by Kallikrates and is 11 feet tall from the stylobate to the apex of its pediment.