Quick Answer: What Does Compensation Mean In Psychology?

In psychology, compensation is a strategy whereby one covers up, consciously or unconsciously, weaknesses, frustrations, desires, or feelings of inadequacy or incompetence in one life area through the gratification or (drive towards) excellence in another area.

What does compensation mean?

Compensation means “making up for something.” Compensation can also be money, a payment meant to give someone a fair exchange for their effort and output. In fact, the word comes from the Latin word compensat-, meaning “weighed against.”

What is compensation as a defense mechanism?

The term compensation refers to a type of defense mechanism in which people overachieve in one area to compensate for failures in another. For example, individuals with poor family lives may direct their energy into excelling above and beyond what is required at work.

What does displacement mean in psychology?

In Freudian psychology, displacement (German: Verschiebung, “shift, move”) is an unconscious defence mechanism whereby the mind substitutes either a new aim or a new object for goals felt in their original form to be dangerous or unacceptable.

Is identification a defense mechanism?

Identification is a psychological defense mechanism in which a person unconsciously incorporates attributes and characteristics of another person into his or her own personality and sense of self. Introjection is a counter-intuitive defense mechanism.

What are the four types of compensation?

There are four different types of direct compensation for employees. These include: 1) Hourly Compensation, 2) Salaries, 3) Commissions and 4) Bonuses.

What does full compensation mean?

something given or received as an equivalent for services, debt, loss, injury, suffering, lack, etc.; indemnity: The insurance company paid him $2000 as compensation for the loss of his car.

What does identification mean in psychology?

Identification is a psychological process whereby the individual assimilates an aspect, property, or attribute of the other and is transformed wholly or partially by the model that other provides. It is by means of a series of identifications that the personality is constituted and specified.

What does chunking mean in psychology?

Chunking is a term referring to the process of taking individual pieces of information (chunks) and grouping them into larger units. By grouping each piece into a large whole, you can improve the amount of information you can remember. Probably the most common example of chunking occurs in phone numbers.

What does sublimation mean in psychology?

In psychology, sublimation is a mature type of defense mechanism, in which socially unacceptable impulses or idealizations are transformed into socially acceptable actions or behavior, possibly resulting in a long-term conversion of the initial impulse.

What is an example of a defensive behavior?

People who are acting defensively are essentially trying to protect themselves from feeling a certain uncomfortable way, and from viewing themselves as a failure or otherwise in a negative light. In this light, all of your examples are potentially reasonable examples of defensive behavior.

What is an example of projection defense mechanism?

Projection is a psychological defense mechanism in which individuals attribute characteristics they find unacceptable in themselves to another person. For example, a husband who has a hostile nature might attribute this hostility to his wife and say she has an anger management problem.

What are the five common defense mechanisms?

Here are a few common defense mechanisms:

  • Denial. Denial is one of the most common defense mechanisms.
  • Repression. Unsavory thoughts, painful memories, or irrational beliefs can upset you.
  • Projection.
  • Displacement.
  • Regression.
  • Rationalization.
  • Sublimation.
  • Reaction formation.