According to Sigmund Freud, there are only two basic drives that serve to motivate all thoughts, emotions, and behavior.
These two drives are, simply put, sex and aggression.
Also called Eros and Thanatos, or life and death, respectively, they underlie every motivation we as humans experience.
What is the drive theory of motivation?
Drive theory. Drive theory is based on the principle that organisms are born with certain psychological needs and that a negative state of tension is created when these needs are not satisfied. When a need is satisfied, drive is reduced and the organism returns to a state of homeostasis and relaxation.
What is Hull’s drive theory?
A theory of motivation developed by Clark L. Hull, the Drive-Reduction Theory focuses on how motivation originates from biological needs or drives. In this theory, Hull proposed a person’s behaviour is an external display of his desire to satisfy his physical deficiencies.
What is a drive psychology?
Drive. An aroused state of psychological tension that typically arises from a need. A drive, such as hunger or thirst, motivates the organism to act in ways that will reduce the tension.
What is the Thanatos theory?
Death Instincts (Thanatos)
The concept of the death instincts was initially described in Beyond the Pleasure Principle, in which Freud proposed that “the goal of all life is death.” In support of his theory, Freud noted that people who experience a traumatic event would often reenact that experience.