Psychosis is characterized by an impaired relationship with reality.
It’s a symptom of serious mental disorders.
People who are experiencing psychosis may have either hallucinations or delusions.
Or someone having a visual hallucination may see something, like a person in front of them, who isn’t actually there.
What are the early warning signs of psychosis?
Early warning signs before psychosis
- A worrisome drop in grades or job performance.
- Trouble thinking clearly or concentrating.
- Suspiciousness or uneasiness with others.
- A decline in self-care or personal hygiene.
- Spending a lot more time alone than usual.
- Strong, inappropriate emotions or having no feelings at all.
What can trigger a psychotic episode?
Psychological causes: Schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, severe depression, or even severe lack of sleep can induce a psychotic episode. Substance use: Drugs with the potential to cause psychosis include marijuana, LSD, amphetamines, cocaine, LSD (acid), psilocybin, ketamine and other drugs.
How long does a psychotic episode last?
Brief psychotic disorder, by definition, lasts for less than 1 month, after which most people recover fully. It’s rare, but for some people, it may happen more than once. If symptoms last for more than 6 months, doctors may consider a possible diagnosis of schizophrenia.
What to do if someone is having a psychotic episode?
Here are some ways to approach someone who refuses treatment:
- Be yourself.
- Give yourself and the person emotional and physical space.
- Calmly but firmly suggest that you take the person to see a doctor, therapist, case worker or counselor for evaluation.