Influenced by the writings of psychologist Sigmund Freud, the literary, intellectual, and artistic movement called Surrealism sought a revolution against the constraints of the rational mind; and by extension, the rules of a society they saw as oppressive.
What influenced the Surrealist movement?
André Breton, author of the 1924 Surrealist Manifesto, was an influential theorizer of both Dada and Surrealism. Born in France, he emigrated to New York during World War II, where he greatly influenced the Abstract Expressionists. This style would be an important inspiration for many Abstract Expressionists.
What led to surrealism?
Surrealism officially began with Dadaist writer André Breton’s 1924 Surrealist manifesto, but the movement formed as early as 1917, inspired by the paintings of Giorgio de Chirico, who captured street locations with a hallucinatory quality.
What did surrealism try to tap into?
Surrealism tried to tap into the unconscious to unlock the power of imagination. It is seen as the most influential movement in twentieth century art. Artists believed that the conscious mind repressed the power of imagination. They were influenced by Sigmund Freud and Karl Marx.
Where did Surrealists get their ideas?
Surrealism used techniques that had never been used in the art world before. Surrealists believed in the innocent eye, that art was created in the unconscious mind (Mak 1). Most Surrealists worked with psychology and fantastic visual techniques, basing their art on memories, feelings, and dreams (Scholastic 3).