Question: Who Built The Old Temple Of Athena?

Wilhelm Dörpfeld

Remains of the Old Temple of Athena built into the northern wall of the Acropolis by Themistocles, circa 478 BC.

Who built the temple of Athena?

Callicrates

Why was the Temple of Athena built?

The Temple of Athena Nike is the smallest structure on the Athenian Acropolis, but holds no less importance than its neighboring shrines. Built to honor Athena Nike, the goddess of victory, the site upon which the temple was constructed has ceremonial roots that date back to the Bronze Age.18 Jan 2012

What was Athena’s temple called?

The Temple of Athena Nike (Greek: Ναός Αθηνάς Νίκης, Naós Athinás Níkis) is a temple on the Acropolis of Athens, dedicated to the goddess Athena Nike. Built around 420 BC, the temple is the earliest fully Ionic temple on the Acropolis.

Who built the Acropolis and Parthenon?

Directed by the Athenian statesman Pericles, the Parthenon was built by the architects Ictinus and Callicrates under the supervision of the sculptor Phidias. Work began in 447 bce, and the building itself was completed by 438.

Who was Athena?

Greek Goddess of Wisdom and War

She is known most specifically for her strategic skill in warfare and is often portrayed as companion of heroes and is the patron goddess of heroic endeavour. Athena was born from Zeus after he experienced an enormous headache and she sprang fully grown and in armour from his forehead.19 Sep 2014

Is Athena and Nike the same?

Nike. Nike probably did not originally have a separate cult at Athens. As an attribute of both Athena, the goddess of wisdom, and the chief god, Zeus, Nike was represented in art as a small figure carried in the hand by those divinities. Athena Nike was always wingless; Nike alone was winged.

How old is the Temple of Athena Nike?

2,445

c. 427 BC-425 BC

What is the Temple of Athena Nike made out of?

The temple of Athena Nike, built in Ionic order of beautiful white Pentelic marble (Pentelic marble is prized for its golden white color and was used in Athens and later in Rome), has columns at the front and back but not on the sides of the cella (a cella is an interior chamber of an ancient Greek temple); this kind

Who commissioned the Temple of Athena Nike?

The temple was designed by Kallikrates and is 11 feet tall from the stylobate to the apex of its pediment.

Does Poseidon have a temple?

The temple of Poseidon was a peripteral building of the Doric order, made of marble from nearby Agrileza, with six columns at its ends and thirteen on each long side for a total of 34–of which thirteen survive today. Four of the north columns were reconstructed in the late 1950’s.

How tall is the Temple of Athena Nike?

The Temple of Athena Nike is a tetrastyle (four column) Ionic temple with colonnaded porticoes in the front and back. It has modest dimensions: 27 feet long, 18 1/2 feet wide, and 23 feet tall.

Where is Athena located?

The temple of Athena Nike (Athena as a goddess of victory) is the smallest temple at the Acropolis in Athens, placed at its southwest corner, at the edge of a high cliff (see images above).

Who bombed the Parthenon?

Bombing the Parthenon

Armed with knowledge of the Parthenon as a pivotal battle site, Francesco Morosini ordered subordinate Antonio Mutoni, head of the mortar brigade, to target the Parthenon. After three days of shelling, a mortar struck to Parthenon and detonated the gunpowder on September 26, 1687.24 Oct 2012

Who destroyed the Parthenon?

After the Ottoman conquest, it was turned into a mosque in the early 1460s. On 26 September 1687, an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures.

Why is the Parthenon so special?

The Athenians had to rebuild the temple to Athena that had been ruined. Most people have always thought the Parthenon was a temple to the goddess Athena. The building has the shape of a Doric temple, and there was a statue of Athena inside. Athena was the patron goddess of Athens, and the city was named after her.