Who Created The Temple Of Athena Nike?

Callicrates

Who commissioned the Temple of Athena Nike?

The temple was designed by Kallikrates and is 11 feet tall from the stylobate to the apex of its pediment.

Who designed the Temple of Athena Nike on the Acropolis?

The Temple of Athena Nike was finished around 420 BC, during the Peace of Nicias. It is a tetrastyle (four column) Ionic structure with a colonnaded portico at both front and rear facades (amphiprostyle), designed by the architect Kallikrates.

Why was the Temple of Athena Nike built?

The Temple of Athena Nike is the smallest structure on the Athenian Acropolis, but holds no less importance than its neighboring shrines. Built to honor Athena Nike, the goddess of victory, the site upon which the temple was constructed has ceremonial roots that date back to the Bronze Age.

How old is the Temple of Athena Nike?

2,445

c. 427 BC-425 BC

What is the height of the Temple of Athena Nike?

The Temple of Athena Nike is a tetrastyle (four column) Ionic temple with colonnaded porticoes in the front and back. It has modest dimensions: 27 feet long, 18 1/2 feet wide, and 23 feet tall.

What is Athena the god of?

Athena, goddess of wisdom. Though Hercules had an enemy, Hera, on Mount Olympus, he also had a friend. Athena, the goddess of wisdom and military victory, and also the patron of the city of Athens, was Hercules’ half-sister. Her parents were Zeus and Metis, a nymph.

Is Athena and Nike the same?

Nike. Nike probably did not originally have a separate cult at Athens. As an attribute of both Athena, the goddess of wisdom, and the chief god, Zeus, Nike was represented in art as a small figure carried in the hand by those divinities. Athena Nike was always wingless; Nike alone was winged.

Does Poseidon have a temple?

The temple of Poseidon was a peripteral building of the Doric order, made of marble from nearby Agrileza, with six columns at its ends and thirteen on each long side for a total of 34–of which thirteen survive today. Four of the north columns were reconstructed in the late 1950’s.

What was the Temple of Athena made of?

The temple of Athena Nike, built in Ionic order of beautiful white Pentelic marble (Pentelic marble is prized for its golden white color and was used in Athens and later in Rome), has columns at the front and back but not on the sides of the cella (a cella is an interior chamber of an ancient Greek temple); this kind

What is the name of the temple dedicated to Athena?

The magnificent temple on the Acropolis of Athens, known as the Parthenon, was built between 447 and 432 BCE in the Age of Pericles, and it was dedicated to the city’s patron deity Athena.

Why is the Erechtheion an unusual building?

The Erechtheion was built as a replacement for the “Old Temple” (the foundations of which now lay between it and the Parthenon), and to house all the shrines and rituals that once took place there. During the Ottoman Empire the temple was converted to a harem and the north porch was walled up.

What is the name of the famous statue of a Greek athlete?

The Discobolus of Myron (“discus thrower”, Greek: Δισκοβόλος, Diskobólos) is a Greek sculpture completed at the start of the Classical Period, figuring a youthful ancient Greek athlete throwing discus, circa 460–450 BC.

What does Nike mean?

In Greek mythology, Nike is the Winged Goddess of Victory. The logo is derived from goddess’ wing,’swoosh’, which symbolises the sound of speed, movement, power and motivation.

How many temples of Zeus are there?

The temple housed the renowned statue of Zeus, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Chryselephantine (gold and ivory) statue was approximately 13 m (43 ft) high, and was made by the sculptor Phidias in his workshop on the site at Olympia.

What destroyed the Acropolis?

However, the Acropolis was captured and destroyed by the Persians 10 years later (in 480 B.C.). Although the Athenians and other Greeks were eventually victorious over their eastern enemies, the Acropolis lay in ruins. Athens was invaded and partially destroyed by the Heruli from northern Europe.